Web Accessibility Quick Checklists

It’s important to ensure that the websites you develop and work with at least meet the minimum standards of accessibility, especially the 508 Standards.  The easiest way to accomplish this is make the checklist part of the initial design and workflow.

Much of this blog was inspired by several presentations at WordCamp Atlanta 2019, particularly the presentation by Joseph LoPreste of StPeteDesign.

The checklist below will assist in making a website 508 Compliant.

  • Make sure all images on your site have alt-text tags – People using screen readers don’t see images, so make sure that the alt-text of each image is descriptive – especially if the image contains text.
  • Make sure that each field in every form on your site is properly labelled – Without labels, forms will not be viewable on screen readers.
  • Make sure your site can be navigated using only a keyboard – Not everyone uses a touchpad or mouse, so make sure that there aren’t any features on your site which requires them.
  • Make sure your videos are setup for Closed Captioning. You must make sure that all videos you create have a manuscript for the Closed Captions. Also, provide an Audio transcribing for non-audio videos or animations.
  • The color of any given content cannot be the only indication of value or what it is.
  • Make sure there are flexible time limits associated with the website or software. Check that auto updating, moving, blinking, and scrolling content can be paused or adjusted.
  • Make sure to include a skip navigation link or something equivalent, so the user can bypass repetitive content.
  • Make sure that user Input errors are identified and described in the text to the user.
  • Make sure your font size is at least 18+.
  • Make sure that your contrast is at least 3:1 for links and 4.5:1 for all other content.
  • Make sure that all of your link texts are descriptive.
  • Make sure that all documents on the website (not external links), such as PDF or Word are fully accessible

There are automated tools and plug-ins which can identify most of the above when a website nears completion.-

The next blog post will cover several of these.


Section 508 and Website Accessibility

The standard Handicapped sign of  a stick figure in a wheelchari
Handicapped Sign/Logo

In 2018 it’s estimated that there were almost 3000 lawsuits filed under the ADA (Americans for Disability Act) in the US. The 2017 estimate for these lawsuits was only a little more than 800.

The lawsuits are being filed under ADA Section 508 which states that all information and electronic technology must be made accessible to people with disabilities. Similar standards are required in the EU.

Section 508 requires all entities with “places of public accommodations” to provide website and app accessibility to people with disabilities.   In the US, this has been the Federal Government and contractors who deal directly with the Federal Government.  By extension, this also covers State and Local Governments as well. 

Most of the current lawsuits are being filed against NGO’s and private businesses are only for compliance and legal fees, not damages. These issues are still being litigated in State and Federal Courts.

At the WordCamp Atlanta, there were several presentations on how to check to make sure your website meets the Section 508 standard.

The next blog post will have a checklist for helping meet the 508 Standard.

March 2019 US Disability Unemployment Rates

March 2019 Unemployment Rates
(NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED)
Table A-6 and A-2
Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDOL

Persons with a Disability 

Unemployment Rate 7.9%       Participation Rate 21.5%  

Persons without a Disability 

Unemployment Rate 3.8%       Participation Rate 68.5%

Teenage

Unemployment Rate 12.1%    Participation Rate 33.3%

LEARNING DISABILITY Diagnosis– 15-20%
Estimate of the number of people with a diagnosed or undiagnosed Learning Disability

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

Next release date is May 3, 2019.

November 2018 US Disability Unemployment

Bureau of Labor Statistic Logo

November 2018 Unemployment Rates
(NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED)
Table A-6 and A-2
Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDOL

 

Persons with a Disability

Unemployment Rate 7.7%       Participation Rate 21.1%

Persons without a Disability

Unemployment Rate 3.3%       Participation Rate 66.2%

Teenage

Unemployment Rate 12.0 %    Participation Rate 33.5%

LEARNING DISABILITY Diagnosis– 15-20%
Estimate of the number of people with a diagnosed or undiagnosed Learning Disability

Next release date 0830, January 4, 2019

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

October 2018 US Disability Unemployment Rate

Bureau of Labor Statistic Logo

October 2018 Unemployment Rates

(NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED)

Table A-6 and A-2

Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDOL

Persons with a Disability

Unemployment Rate 7.4 %    Participation Rate 21.5%

Persons without a Disability

Unemployment Rate 3.4%    Participation Rate 68,4%

Teenage

Unemployment Rate 11.6%    Participation Rate 34.0%

LEARNING DISABILITY Diagnosis– 15-20%

Estimate of the number of people with a diagnosed or undiagnosed Learning Disability

Next release date 0830, December 7, 2018

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

 

September 2018 US Unemployment Rates

Bureau of Labor Statistic Logo

September 2018 Unemployment Rates
(NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED)
Table A-6 and A-2
Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDOL

 

Persons with a Disability

Unemployment Rate 7.3 %       Participation Rate 21.4%

Persons without a Disability

Unemployment Rate 3.4%       Participation Rate 68.2%

Teenage

Unemployment Rate 12.3%    Participation Rate 33.2%

LEARNING DISABILITY Diagnosis– 15-20%
Estimate of the number of people with a diagnosed or undiagnosed Learning Disability

Next release date 0830, November 2, 2018

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

August 2018 US Disability Unemployment Rates

Bureau of Labor Statistic Logo

August 2018 Unemployment Rates
(NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED)
Table A-6 and A-2
Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDOL

 

Persons with a Disability

Unemployment Rate 8.0%       Participation Rate 20.8%

Persons without a Disability

Unemployment Rate 3.8%       Participation Rate 68.2%

Teenage

Unemployment Rate 12.3%    Participation Rate 35.7%

LEARNING DISABILITY Diagnosis– 15-20%
Estimate of the number of people with a diagnosed or undiagnosed Learning Disability

Next release date 0830, October 5, 2018

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

 

July 2018 US Disability Unemployment Rates

Bureau of Labor Statistic Logo

July 2018 Unemployment Rates
(NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED)
Table A-6 and A-2
Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDOL

 

Persons with a Disability

Unemployment Rate 8.5%       Participation Rate 20.2%

Persons without a Disability

Unemployment Rate 3.9%       Participation Rate 69.2%

Teenage

Unemployment Rate 13.4%    Participation Rate 43.0%

LEARNING DISABILITY Diagnosis– 15-20%
Estimate of the number of people with a diagnosed or undiagnosed Learning Disability

Next release date 0830, September 7, 2018

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

June 2018 US Disability Unemployment Rate

Bureau of Labor Statistic Logo

June 2018 Unemployment Rates
(NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED)
Table A-6 and A-2
Bureau of Labor Statistics, USDOL

 

Persons with a Disability

Unemployment Rate 8.3%       Participation Rate 20.2%

Persons without a Disability

Unemployment Rate 4.0%       Participation Rate 69.1%

Teenage

Unemployment Rate 14.9%    Participation Rate 41.5%

LEARNING DISABILITY Diagnosis– 15-20%
Estimate of the number of people with a diagnosed or undiagnosed Learning Disability

Next release date 0830, August 22, 2018

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

October US Disability Employment and Unemployment

Bureau of Labor Statistic Logo

Data are NOT Seasonally Adjusted

October 2017

3.7% Unemployment No Disability

7.6% Disability Unemployment

31.7% Not in Labor Force – No Disability

79% Not in Labor Force – With Disability

13.4% Teenage Unemployment Rate

 

October 2016

4.5% Unemployment No Disability

9.9% Disability Unemployment

31.4% Not in Labor Force – No Disability

80% Not in Labor Force – With Disability

15.1% Teenage Unemployment Rate

Tables A-1 and A-6 Bureau of Labor Statistics (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

https://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.t06.htm

15-20% Persons with Learning Disability

Up to 50% of the Prison Population has a Learning Disability

Next Release Date December 8, 2017, at 08:30 AM EST.